Many of these industries are concentrated in upstate regions. More than 5 million acres of former Iroquois territory was put up for sale in the years after the Revolutionary War, leading to rapid development in upstate New York.
According to the U. Department of Commerce, it is also a destination of choice for many foreign visitors. New York was inhabited by the Algonquin , Iroquois , and Lenape Native American groups at the time Dutch and French nationals moved into the region in the early 17th century. First claimed by Henry Hudson in , the region came to have Dutch forts at Fort Orange , near the site of the present-day capital of Albany in The Dutch colonized the Albany and Manhattan areas in The British took over Manhattan and the colony by annexation in The borders of the British colony, the Province of New York , were roughly similar to those of the present-day state.
About one third of all of the battles of the Revolutionary War took place in New York. New York became an independent state on July 9, , and enacted its constitution in The state ratified the United States Constitution on July 26, to become the 11th state. The rugged Adirondack Mountains , with vast tracts of wilderness, lie west of the valley. Most of the southern part of the state is on the Allegheny Plateau , which rises from the southeast to the Catskill Mountains.
The western section of the state is drained by the Allegheny River and rivers of the Susquehanna and Delaware systems. In addition, Rhode Island shares a water border with New York. Lake George empties at its north end into Lake Champlain, whose northern end extends into Canada, where it drains into the Richelieu and then the St. Upstate and downstate are often used informally to distinguish New York City or its greater metropolitan area from the rest of New York state.
The placement of a boundary between the two is a matter of great contention. Lake-effect snow is a major contributor to snowfall totals in western New York. In general, New York has a humid continental climate , though under the Köppen climate classification , New York City has a humid subtropical climate. The winters are long and cold in the Plateau Divisions of the state.
The summer climate is cool in the Adirondacks, Catskills and higher elevations of the Southern Plateau. The remainder of New York State enjoys pleasantly warm summers, marred by only occasional, brief intervals of sultry conditions. New York ranks 46th among the 50 states in the amount of greenhouse gases generated per person.
Redirected from New yorl. For other uses, see NY disambiguation. This article is about the U. State of New York. For the city, see New York City. For other uses, see New York disambiguation.
Geography of New York. Map of the Hudson and Mohawk rivers. If you are unable to see images below, click here. April 7, Stop by anytime today from 8: Check out great exhibitors , a must-see Keynote Address, feature presentations , and receive one-free seminar admission ticket to the conference sessions.
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He cleared the land and began dairy and beef farming. Upon seeing how successfully his neighbor Parkview Golf Course grew grass …. Two major parks in the state are the Adirondack Park and Catskill Park. New York has many state parks and two major forest preserves. Adirondack Park , roughly the size of the state of Vermont and the largest state park in the United States, was established in and given state constitutional protection in The Catskill Park was protected in legislation passed in ,  which declared that its land was to be conserved and never put up for sale or lease.
There are some black bears living in the region. Hither Hills park offers camping and is a popular destination with surfcasting sport fishermen. During the 17th century, Dutch trading posts established for the trade of pelts from the Lenape , Iroquois and other indigenous peoples expanded into the colony of New Netherlands. The first of these trading posts were Fort Nassau , near present-day Albany ; Fort Orange , on the Hudson River just south of the current city of Albany and created to replace Fort Nassau , developing into settlement Beverwijck , and into what became Albany; Fort Amsterdam , to develop into the town New Amsterdam which is present-day New York City ; and Esopus, , now Kingston.
The success of the patroonship of Rensselaerswyck , which surrounded Albany and lasted until the mid 19th century, was also a key factor in the early success of the colony. The Stamp Act Congress met in the city on October 19 of that year: The Stamp Act Congress resulted in the Declaration of Rights and Grievances , which was the first written expression by representatives of the Americans of many of the rights and complaints later expresed in the United States Declaration of Independence , including the right to representative government.
The Capture of Fort Ticonderoga provided the cannon and gunpowder necessary to force a British withdrawal from the Siege of Boston in New York endorsed the Declaration of Independence on July 9, It was not submitted to the people for ratification. The first major battle of the American Revolutionary War after independence was declared — and the largest battle of the entire war — was fought in New York at the Battle of Long Island a.
The notorious British prison ships of Wallabout Bay saw more American combatants die of intentional neglect than were killed in combat in every battle of the war, combined.
The first of two major British armies were captured by the Continental Army at the Battle of Saratoga in , influencing France to ally with the revolutionaries.
Four of the Iroquois nations fought on the side of the British; only the Onondagas were allies of the colonists. Many Iroquois were defeated in the Sullivan Expedition of In the treaty settlement, the British ceded most Indian lands to the new United States. Because New York made treaty with the Iroquois without getting Congressional approval, some of the land purchases are the subject of modern-day claims by the individual tribes.
More than 5 million acres of former Iroquois territory was put up for sale in the years after the Revolutionary War, leading to rapid development in upstate New York. The creation of the Erie Canal led to rapid industrialization in New York. Transportation in western New York was difficult before canals were built in the early part of the nineteenth century.
Lawrence River could be navigated to Lake Ontario , the way westward to the other Great Lakes was blocked by Niagara Falls , and so the only route to western New York was over land. Work commenced in , and the Erie Canal was finished in It was considered an engineering marvel. Packet boats traveled up and down the canal with sightseers and visitors on board. It enabled Great Lakes port cities such as Buffalo and Rochester to grow and prosper. It also connected the burgeoning agricultural production of the Midwest and shipping on the Great Lakes, with the port of New York City.
Improving transportation, it enabled additional population migration to territories west of New York. Scenes at the Immigration Depot and a nearby dock on Ellis Island. Ellis Island in Ellis Island was the main facility for immigrants , entering the United States in the late 19th Century to the mid 20th Century. The facility operated from January 1, , until November 12, It is owned by the Federal government and is now part of the Statue of Liberty National Monument , under the jurisdiction of the National Park Service.
More than 12 million immigrants passed through Ellis Island , between and After , when the National Origins Act was passed, the only immigrants to pass through there were displaced persons or war refugees. Liberty Island closed on September 11, ; the island reopened in December, the monument reopened on August 3, , but the statue remained closed until the summer of The National Park Service claims that the statue is not shut because of a terrorist threat, but principally because of a long list of fire regulation contraventions, including inadequate evacuation procedures.
There are a maximum of passes available each day, with a total of 15, visitors to the island daily. As of , New York was the third largest state in population after California and Texas,  with an estimated population of 19,, as of July 1, New York is a slow growing state with a large rate of domestic migration to other states.
In and , more people moved from New York to Florida than from any one state to another. The major ancestry groups in New York state are African American The New York City neighborhood of Harlem has historically been a major cultural capital for African-Americans of sub-Saharan descent, and Bedford Stuyvesant is the largest such population in the United States.
Females made up The ten largest cities are: The location of these cities within the state stays remarkably true to the major transportation and trade routes in the early nineteenth century, primarily the Erie Canal and railroads paralleling it. Today, Interstate 90 acts as a modern counterpart to commercial water routes. Grouped by metropolitan statistical area ,  the twelve largest population centers in the state are:. Albany is the state capital, and the Town of Hempstead is the civil township with the largest population.
If it were a city, it would be the second largest in the state with over , residents. The New York Stock Exchange , the largest stock exchange in the world. Its industrial outputs are printing and publishing , scientific instruments, electric equipment, machinery , chemical products, and tourism. New York exports a wide variety of goods such as foodstuffs, commodities, minerals, computers and electronics, cut diamonds, and automobile parts.
Canada is a very important economic partner for the state. Tourism from the north is also a large part of the economy. New York City is the leading center of banking , finance and communication in the United States and is the location of the New York Stock Exchange , the largest stock exchange in the world by dollar volume.
The state also has a large manufacturing sector that includes printing and the production of garments, furs, railroad equipment and bus line vehicles. Many of these industries are concentrated in upstate regions. Albany and the Hudson Valley are major centers of nanotechnology and microchip manufacturing, while the Rochester area is important in photographic equipment and imaging.
New York is a major agricultural producer, ranking among the top five states for agricultural products such as dairy, apples, cherries, cabbage, potatoes, onions, maple syrup and many others. The state is the largest producer of cabbage in the U. The south shore of Lake Ontario provides the right mix of soils and microclimate for many apple, cherry, plum , pear and peach orchards. Apples are also grown in the Hudson Valley and near Lake Champlain.
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